Lal mitti / Geru mitti / Gairika
OverViewGairika (Red Ochre) Know what are health benefits and medicinal uses of Gairika (Geroo) in Ayurveda. Learn some remedies of Gairika to treat your health problems. Gairika (Red Ochre) a silicate of Alumina and oxide of Iron. In Ayurveda know ...
Gairika (Red Ochre) Know what are health benefits and medicinal uses of Gairika (Geroo) in Ayurveda. Learn some remedies of Gairika to treat your health problems. Gairika (Red Ochre) a silicate of Alumina and oxide of Iron. In Ayurveda know as Geru, it is used for medicinal purpose after purification. It is sweet, astringent, anti-phlegmatic, anti-bilious and cooling. It shows beneficial effects in skin diseases, piles , bleeding disorders, ulcers, boils, urticaria, vomiting, hiccups etc. It is not used as single drug but as an ingredient of some compound preparations containing a large number of mineral drugs. Vernacular Names Sanskrit: Kasayakkal, Kavi, Svarna gairika English: Ochre, Reddle Gujarati: Geru, Sonageru Hindi: Geru, Gerumitti Bengali: Girimati Kannada: Hojatha, Jajoo, Kaavi, Kemmannu Malayalam: Kavimannu Marathi: Geru, Sonakava Punjabi: Geri Tamil: Seemaikkaavikkallu, Kavikkal Telugu: Kavirayi, Kaavi Urdu: Geru (Teen-e-Rumi) Origin and occurrence Gairika is a natural hematite mineral found with other iron-titanium oxide minerals in igneous and metamorphic rocks as accessory mineral. Gairika is associated with magnetite. It sometimes contains minor amount of titanium and magnesium. Gairika occurs as an alteration product of other iron minerals or by degradation of highly ferruginous rocks in the form of weathered residual concentrations. It is generally found mixed with clay and other impurities. Based on colour, there are two types of ochres found in the country 1. Red ochre: Anhydrous iron oxide. It contain more iron and is used as medicine. 2. Yellow ochre: hydrated iron oxide is yellow ochre In India, Gairika deposits are chiefly found in Rajpur, Banaskantha, Jamnagar and Kuchchh in Gujarat, Bellary and Bidar in Karnataka, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, Kailashpur, Madhogarh and Mandla in Madhya Pradesh and Udaipur, Alwar, Bikaner, Chittorgarh and Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan. Other known occurrences are in Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.